INDUSTRY Resources

Same-sex marriage and qualified retirement plans

Recent changes have been made to the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) due to the United States V. Windsor Supreme Court decision in June, 2013, affecting the administration of qualified retirement plans. As of September 16, 2013, with guidance issued by the IRS and Department of Labor, plans must be administered such that same-sex couples are treated equally with opposite gender couples if a couple was married in a state where same-sex marriage is legal (“state of celebration”), regardless of where the couple resides. Therefore, all retirement plan provisions that refer to marital status or spousal benefits are to be considered gender-neutral and those benefits and rights previously applicable only to opposite-sex marriages are now applicable to same-sex marriages as well. These include spousal consents, qualified joint and survivor annuities and survivor benefits.

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Those pesky missing participants

“Now you see it, now you don’t” may be fine for a magic show but not when it comes to missing participants in your Retirement Plan. As Fiduciaries, Plan Sponsors have the responsibility to maintain accurate records and open lines of communication with all participants. If you have lost touch with former employees not only will you not be able to carry out your Fiduciary responsibilities, you will bear the unnecessary expense of returned mailings. It is the responsibility of the Plan Sponsor to keep track of former employees so that they can send required communications including quarterly participant statements. It is not an acceptable practice to ignore returned mail and default participants to “Estatements”-a common workaround offered by many recordkeepers.

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Lessons learned from March 15th

Due to the nondiscrimination regulations for tax qualified plans, the IRS places a limit on the amount that a Highly Compensated Employee (HCE) may save in a 401(k) plan. This limit is based on the average rate of savings for employees who are not HCEs. The IRS defines an HCE as an employee who is a 5% owner in the current or previous plan year, or an employee who earned over $115,000 in the previous plan year. Through attribution, certain family members of 5% owners may also be considered HCEs for testing purposes.

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Who, what and how much are we paying?

The 2012 calendar year brought sweeping changes to the retirement plan industry. 401(k) practitioners and recordkeepers devoted most of the year to developing, implementing and distributing fee disclosures pursuant to Department of Labor Regulations 408(b)(2) and 404(a)(5). Lots of paper was generated, but just how effective were these new disclosures at familiarizing plan participants with who, what and how much they are paying to maintain their retirement accounts?

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Casinos are unlikely growth strategy for state

Gov. Andrew Cuomo laid out his economic priorities in his recent State of the State address. Apparently, he has determined that the next gold mine for upstate New York are casinos, which have proven to be the most significant voluntary tax available to state governments.

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